Known primarily as a stimulant, caffeine has been shown to increase blood flow to the skin for a smoother, more hydrated appearance. It’s also a powerful antioxidant, protecting the body from environmental stressors that can lead to cell damage and death. However, the scientific proof is not there just yet so whilst it’s not going to cause the skin any harm there is currently no concrete proof of its merits.
The calendula plant, also known as the marigold, has been used for over 900 years for its medicinal purposes. It possesses anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties and early research has shown that it can assist in speeding up the healing of wounds, burns and bruising.
Castor oil is sourced from the castor plant. It has been used since egyptian times to treat a number of conditions ranging from constipation through to topical skin complaints. It is rich in ricinoleic acid which is known to have an antimicrobial effect and is therefore recommended as a topical treatment for bacterial, fungal and viral skin infections. However, there are limited clinical studies confirming its efficacy.
Chemical peels are a topical solution applied to the skin to soften the dead skin layer and exfoliate the skin. This, in turn, stimulates cell turnover for smoother skin texture, reduced pigmentation and fewer breakouts. Chemical peels can come in a large range of strengths from gentle resurfacing peels through the medical grade TCA peels that work at a deeper layer for a more intense treatment
What better type of sunscreen to use than one with a thin texture and that’s therefore quick and easy to apply? That’s the advantage of using a sun cream which contains chemical sunscreens, organic carbon-based compounds which create a chemical reaction. They cleverly change UV rays into heat, then release the heat from the skin meaning that after 20 minutes (when applied properly), the skin is fully protected until the next application. However, over-heated skin can increase brown spots and discolouration and because heat can also disagree with rosacea, chemical sunscreens have been known to cause redness too. The cocktail of ingredients it takes to ensure maximum sun care protection, which includes chemical sunscreens, can also result in stinging and irritation and because it gets used up quicker in direct UV light, you need to reapply it more often. There are two types of chemical sunscreens which are a cause for concern when it comes to coral reefs too – oxybenzone and octinoxate. So, we’ve made up our own clever cocktail - a healthy, protected planet combined with healthy, protected skin, with chemical sunscreens not included. Cheers to that.
Chlorophyll is the pigment in plants responsible for its green colour. In skincare, potential benefits include reducing the signs of photoaging, treating acne, and accelerating healing. However, the studies that have been conducted are quite small so more research is needed to confirm what it can do for the skin.
Citric acid is an alpha hydroxy acid sourced from citrus fruits (naturally). We reach for it to improve pigmented skins as it regulates pigment production and brightens. It is also brilliant when used to boost your skins glow factor.
Clean beauty is a term that is loosely used to describe personal care products that are free from ingredients considered ‘dirty’. As the term is not regulated, there are no guidelines as to what products can and can not be defined as clean beauty.
Cleansing is the process of thoroughly washing your face. In the evening, cleansing is responsible for removing excess oil, impurities, pollutants, make-up and other debris from the skin. In the morning, cleansing removes sweat and toxins that the skin eliminates through the skin. Cleansing is an essential step to looking after your skin’s health as, without it, anything else we apply will not reach the skin.
ClearLift laser (Q-Switched Nd:YAG laser) is a non-ablative treatment that creates a controlled dermal response of wound healing, which results in the growth of new collagen as well as tightening of the tissue. Laser light is transformed into acoustic sound waves and it works by creating thousands of microscopic perforations and heating beneath the top layer in the dermis whilst the skin around each of these perforations remains intact. This allows the skin to heal from the edge of these micro-injuries very rapidly, encouraging the production of collagen and breaking down excess pigmentation.
The non-ablative Er:Glass 1540 nm laser deeply penetrates the skin, causing thermal damage to the sebaceous glands, destroying P. acnes bacteria and reducing sebum production while leaving the surface layer of the skin (epidermis) intact while contact cooling protects the skin, reducing discomfort. It treats various types of acne while also achieving a gentle rejuvenating effect, diminishing the appearance of acne scars by stimulating collagen renewal. One of the most comfortable laser treatments available - the laser tip feels cold so when the laser is fired it feels nice and warm. The aim is to destroy acne bacteria, reduce inflammation and control oil production.
Cocamidopropyl betaine is a chemical derived from coconut oil which is used as a surfactant in products to create a foaming texture. It is a more gentle alternative to other sulphate based surfactants.
Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant that the body naturally produces for energy production. However, over the span of a lifetime and exposure to environmental stressors, this production slows affecting the health and appearance of the skin. Topical coenzyme Q10 has been shown to increase cell energy, therefore preventing cell damage and having antioxidant effects.
Collagen is a structural protein found in the skin and connective tissues. It acts as a scaffolding, giving the skin structure and volume. As we age, our bodies’ natural collagen production decreases which can lead to skin laxity. Sun exposure, environmental stressors and lifestyle choices such as smoking can accelerate collagen loss. Collagen production can be stimulated with targeted treatments and products.
Colloidal oatmeal is produced by grinding whole oats into a fine powder. Oats contain avenanthramides which have been proven to provide potent anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant benefits. Colloidal is a popular at-home remedy for skin ailments such as eczema, sunburn, and irritation.
Skin becomes compromised when it is no longer able to protect and maintain itself. This can be down to a number of factors such as internal imbalances, allergies or a damaged skin barrier. These impair the skin’s natural protective ability and means that it is vulnerable to issues such as oversensitivity, breakouts, redness and dryness.
Congestion occurs when sebum and dead skin cells become trapped underneath the skin’s surface. Congestion presents itself in a bumpy, rough texture or pimples. Congestion has many causes including dehydration, overproduction of oil, poor cleansing routine, or regularly touching the face.
Contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes in contact with a substance such as an allergen or irritating ingredients. It presents itself through dryness, redness and blisters or cracked skin. Once the known cause is avoided or removed, contact dermatitis usually clears up by itself, however, non invasive treatments such as LED can assist in the healing on the skin.
Copper peptides are an ingredient used in skincare to promote the growth of collagen and elastin. They have been shown to support the natural production of hyaluronic acid which aids skin hydration as well as assisting the skin’s healing process. Additionally, it has been shown to reduce inflammation and act as an antioxidant, protecting the skin from free radical damage.
Cortisol, also known as the ‘stress hormone’, is responsible for many processes in the body. It holds a vital role in assisting the body’s fight or flight instinct. When there is too much cortisol in your body, it is unable to retain water which can lead to dehydrated skin. Cortisol also tells your skin to produce more oil which is why when we are stressed, breakouts are more common.
Corundum crystals are used in microdermabrasion to provide physical exfoliation. These crystals are similar in structure to sapphires and have a reputation as one of the hardest materials known to man. They are extremely non toxic and non reactive which makes them the perfect crystal to use during skin treatments.
Cruelty Free is an international organisation that is working towards ending animal experiments. Their label, the leaping bunny, certifies that a product has not been tested on animals. The EU has banned the sale of all animal-tested cosmetics so if you are buying your products in EU nations, you can rest assured that they have not been tested on animals.
Cystic acne and cystic spots appear as hard, painful bumps underneath the skin’s surface. They are often filled with inflammatory discharge and cannot be extracted. Cystic acne is considered to be the most severe form of acne.