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Water

Deionized, distilled, or purified, it's often used as a vehicle to deliver other ingredients into the skin.

Witch Hazel

Witch hazel is an excellent natural astringent, reducing inflammation and sanitising the skin. At the same time, it aids with hydration and stabilises the barrier function of the skin. Furthermore, witch hazel reduces trans-dermal water loss (TEWL) while calming the skin and reducing skin redness. In a clinical test, witch hazel proved to have a significant anti-inflammatory effect and helped reduce erythema induced by sunburn.

Wrinkles

Wrinkles are lines which form on the skin as a result of a cumulative effect of repetitive movement and weakening of collagen fibres. There are 2 types of wrinkles dynamic (visible only when using facial expressions) and static (visible all the time even when the muscles are not contracting).