Telangiectasia is a skin condition that occurs when tiny blood vessels close to the skin’s surface widen and create thread like patterns across the skin. Due to their thread and web like appearance, they are often referred to as thread or spider veins. You can be more susceptible to telangiectasia because of hereditary factors or they can be formed through lifestyle choices such as diet, alcohol intake, exposure to hot temperatures, and sun exposure.
Titanium dioxide in sun protection products works as a physical sunscreen. Its responsibility is to create a protective layer on top of the skin and reflect the sun rays, so they don't penetrate into the skin and damage skin cells. It is a natural mineral that fights against both UVA and UVB radiation.
Trans Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL)
Trans epidermal water (TEWL) loss occurs when water passes from the dermis (the deeper layer of skin) through the epidermis (the layer of skin you can see) and into the outside world through evaporation. It happens on a daily basis, but when we lose more water than our body can replenish it leads to dryness and flakiness. Causes of TEWL include low humidity environments, harsh topical products, or lack of hydrating and moisturising ingredients in your skincare routine.
Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA)
TCA is an ingredient derived from acetic acid (which we call vinegar) and is used in chemical peels to treat sun damage and pigmentation. TCA works by promoting the shedding of the outermost layer of the skin, encouraging cell renewal for a more even skin tone and texture.