Kaolin clay is sourced from the mineral kaolinite and is used in skincare to gently detox and exfoliate. Clay acts as a sponge, absorbing excess oil and impurities from the skin. Kaolin is a gentle alternative to other clays as it is not as drying and therefore can be used by dry and sensitive skins.
Keratin is a fibrous protein that our hair, nails and upper layers of skin are made from. It’s a protective protein and is stronger than other proteins in the body. Keratin anchors the cells together in the epidermis to form a barrier, forming the outermost layer of the skin to provide protection.
Keratosis pilaris is caused by a buildup of the protein keratin in the hair follicles. This results in small bumps under the skin and most commonly occur on the arms, thighs and bottom. There is no known reason for why it happens, but steps such as regularly moisturising, reducing the temperature of your showers and gentle exfoliation can alleviate it.
Kojic acid is derived from mushrooms or through rice fermentation and is used to target pigmentation irregularities. It works by blocking a chemical called tyrosine from forming. This action prevents melanin production, therefore, reducing pigmentation. Kojic acid is effective at targeting hyperpigmentation and melasma.