Elastin, as the name suggests, is a highly elastic protein, allowing the tissues to stretch or contract and then bounce back into its original shape. Along with collagen, it is one of the main components in the dermis.
Emollient is just the medical term for a moisturiser. Emollients work by creating an oily barrier over the skin to prevent dryness, aid repair and keep hydration from escaping to the outside world. Emollients come in a wide variety of textures ranging from rich, oily ointments through to more water based lotions.
Enzyme exfoliators are chemical exfoliators that use enzymes to break down the bonds between skin cells. The most common enzymes in exfoliators are papain, derived from papaya, and bromelain which comes from pineapple. They are more gentle and pregnancy safe alternative to AHAs and BHAs. Enzymes work in a similar way to a chemical peel by loosening the cell to cell bonds and causing the skin to peel away the most superficial layer of the skin.
The epidermis is the upper layer of the skin and the part of the skin you can see! It is the protective layer of the skin and its job is to be a barrier to the outside world. It’s waterproof and forms a barrier against germs, pollutants, dirt and debris. When the epidermis is in tact, it is very hard for the outside to penetrate and reach the body.
Essential oils are oils derived from plants. They are usually known for their therapeutic qualities (think eucalyptus or tea tree) or because of their scents (lavender or chamomile). Although some essential oils can be beneficial to the skin, they can be a skin irritant and cause photosensitivity so they must be used sparingly and with caution.
Exfoliators are products that encourage cell turnover. Exfoliators can be physical (grains that manually scrub dead skin cells off), or chemical (chemicals that dissolve dead skin cells).Exfoliating routines help to remove the build up of corneocytes (non living cells) allowing healthy looking skin by reducing the thickness of the utmost layer of skin and maintaining reproductive properties of the cells. However, don’t get too excited as over-exfoliation has the reverse effect and can cause sensitivity, breakouts and irritation. Stick to 2-3 times a week for optimum results.