You need to introduce preventative products into your routine to stop the pigmentation before it has a chance! If your pigmentation is the result of UV exposure, then it’s time to get religious with SPF application. It’s the only way to protect your skin from further sun damage. This really is a non-negotiable as not only will UV rays create pigmentation but it will also darken existing pigmentation on the skin.
If you experience post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation after breakouts or because of sensitivity, then it’s important to address this before treating the pigmentation as it’s likely to return with the next flare-up. To treat congested, acne-prone skin, we love products containing salicylic acid which reduces inflammation, controls oil production and scoops out debris from the pores. Synergie Skin ReVeal contains both salicylic acid and alpha-hydroxy acids which are fantastic at breaking up pigmentation (more on that later). Make sure you're not squeezing or picking the skin as this will lead to more inflammation.
If your skin is sensitive or prone to rosacea and irritation, look for barrier repairing ingredients like Vitamin B which not only stimulates ceramide production (essential for a healthy skin barrier) but also reduces the pigmentation process - win-win!
Once you’re managing any causes of pigmentation, you can start introducing pigmentation targeting ingredients into your routine. The pigmentation products we have at the clinic interrupt the process of hyperpigmentation, stopping the overproduction of melanin so, over time, the appearance of hyperpigmentation fades. Our favourite ingredients are:
Vitamin A - vitamin A or retinoids help to stimulate cell turnover and reduce the appearance of dark spots and uneven skin tone.
Vitamin B5 - Also known as niacinamide, it’s a real all-rounder ingredient that helps to suppress the process of hyperpigmentation, promoting a more even skin tone.
Vitamin C - Vitamin C is one of the most well known active ingredients in treating pigmentation. It stops the pigmentation process before it can overproduce melanin as well as being a potent antioxidant, which can work with your SPF in protecting your skin from UV damage.
Tyrosinase inhibitors - tyrosinase inhibitors work by stopping tyrosinase, an enzyme that is important in the synthesis of melanin from triggering the process. Common tyrosinase inhibitors are liquorice extract, vitamin c and kojic acid.
A tailored exfoliator - this will help to slough off old pigmented skin cells, as well as enhancing product penetration, meaning your other products will be able to perform much better. Alpha-Hydroxy Acids such as glycolic and lactic are great for gentle resurfacing. If you’re more sensitive then reach for enzymatic exfoliators. DON’T go for scrubs as this irritation could lead to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.